Research question and thesis
The first question is too broad and not very original. Focused: How is melting of sea ice impacting polar bears in the Arctic Circle?
Does not ask why Why questions are usually too open to serve as good research questions. The Research Question What is a research question? In general, thesis statements are provided in course-level papers, whereas research questions are used in major research papers or theses.
Research question and thesis
A research question, on the other hand, asks an open-ended question about a topic to be investigated. Feasible and specific Explanation Answerable within practical constraints Make sure you have enough time and resources to do the research required to answer the question. The second question is much more researchable. How do the US and the UK compare in health outcomes and patient satisfaction among low-income people with chronic illnesses? The focused version narrows down to a specific effect of global warming glacial melting , a specific place Antarctica , and a specific animal that is affected penguins. Relevant and original Explanation Addresses a problem relevant to your field or discipline The research question should be developed based on initial reading around your topic , and it should focus on addressing a problem or gap in the existing knowledge. What effect do different legal approaches have on the number of people who drive after drinking in European countries? By targeting just one aspect of the problem and using more specific terms, the second question offers a clear path to finding an answer. A question appropriate for Biology, for instance, is different from an appropriate one in Political Science or Sociology. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. However, each writing situation calls for different kinds of direction-giving. For most college papers, your audience will be academic, but always keep your audience in mind when narrowing your topic and developing your question. What are the most effective communication strategies for increasing voter turnout among unders? You should ask a question about a topic that you are genuinely curious to answer. Research Questions While most quality writing will naturally contain a thesis statement, only certain kinds of writing will contain one or more research questions.
How do the US and the UK compare in health outcomes and patient satisfaction among low-income people with chronic illnesses? How is X influenced by Y? What kind of effects? Where do you think your research will lead you?
Cannot be answered with easily found facts and figures If you can answer the question through a Google search or by reading a single book or article, it is probably not complex enough. What sources should you consult as you seek answers to your question?
Research question examples
The first question asks for a ready-made solution, and is not focused or researchable. The more complex version is written in two parts; it is thought provoking and requires both significant investigation and evaluation from the writer. The reader should not interpret your question; make it obvious. They should, instead, require both research and analysis on the part of the writer. A research question takes you beyond simple facts about a given topic; it is an inquiry into a specific issue or problem. A research question must be debatable but should be an open question rather than one that takes a position. What questions occur to you as you read these articles? Has there been an increase in homelessness in the UK in the past ten years? By targeting just one aspect of the problem and using more specific terms, the second question offers a clear path to finding an answer. The focused version narrows down to a specific effect of global warming glacial melting , a specific place Antarctica , and a specific animal that is affected penguins. What should political parties do about low voter turnout in region X? The focused version narrows down to a specific cause melting sea ice , a specific place the Arctic Circle , and a specific wildlife population that is affected polar bears.
The first question is too simple, asking for a straightforward fact that can be easily found online. When in doubt, make a research question as narrow and focused as possible. At any time during your writing process, you should be able to make a direct connection between what you're writing and your thesis statement.
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