In such matters as hours of work, health and safety conditions, or industrial relations, the statutory or collective elements may define most of the substance of the rights and obligations of the individual worker, while with respect to such things as the duration of his appointment, his level and extent of responsibility, or his place in the scale of remuneration, these elements may provide what is essentially a framework for individual agreement.
Similarly any contractor employing persons in an industry is responsible for payment of wages to the persons he or she employs. These require freedom to join a union, bargain collectively and take action Conventions No.
If the dispute is settled before the Conciliator, or a tripartite Board of Conciliators, a report is sent to the Provincial or Federal Government, with the memorandum of settlement. Government can prohibit an ongoing strike or lockout before completion of 30 daysif it is satisfied that it is causing serious hardship to community or harmful for the national interest.
If the Senate should fail to take any action on the bill within the prescribed period of time, the bill is deemed to have been passed without amendment.
In addition, the Constitution makes it a Principle of Policy of the State of Pakistan to protect the child, to remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory education within the minimum possible period and to make provision for securing just and human conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex.
The Act stipulates that wages to workers employed in factories and on railways are to be paid within seven days of completion of the wages period, if the number of workers employed therein is less than 1, The Senate is a permanent legislative body and is comprised of members, of which members of the four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
If they agree, the parties make a join request in writing to the arbitrator they have agreed upon.
The Ordinance applies to all industrial and commercial establishments throughout the country employing 20 or more workers and provides for security of employment.